The Moles are breeding now!
When waging a campaign, it always pays to know your foe. Moles are highly specialised creatures, and it is worth understanding them if you intend to try and catch them. Here, we've put together a handy fact sheet on the common (European) mole so you can do the background on your target.
There are 29 species of mole that can be found across North America, Europe, and Asia. Similar but technically unrelated species are also found in Southern Africa and South America. The European Mole (or common mole) is widely distributed across Great Britain and Continental Europe although it is notably absent from Ireland.
The commonly seen (and extraordinarliy frustrating) molehill is the result of massive subterranean excavation. They build and live in underground burrows that are extensive; generally covering between two- and seven-thousand square meters, with multi-tiered tunnels systems to a depth of up to 1m.
Burrows will contain a nest for sleeping, one or more food stores which may be packed with up to 1,000 worms, and extensive foraging tunnels used to catch worms and other prey.
In order to store the worms, the mole will paralyse them by biting through their head section and severing their 'spinal cord'. This keeps them alive and fresh for as long as possible whilst preventing them from escaping.
Although adjacent tunnel systems often overlap, and moles may share some tunnel sections, they are very solitary creatures that live alone and will vigorously defend their territory if invaded.
Burrows may be constructed anywhere that the soil is deep enough. They prefer grassland, farmland, parks, and gardens but will also be happy in deciduous woodland, hedges, and light forest. They avoid ground that is permanently wet, stony, sandy, or acidic.
The FUR is short, velvety, and very waterproof. Cosntant grooming keeps it clean.
Mole SKIN is the most sensitive of any mammal and helps them to navigate in the dark.
EARS are hidden under small closable flaps and hearing is poor.
The EYES are very small and can do little more that sense light and dark.
The SNOUT is covered in thousands of sensory hairs, providing a very good sense of smell and capable of detecting changes in humidity and temperature.
Sharp TEETH are good for biting and holding prey.
Powerful, muscular FOREARMS and spade-like claws are perfectly suited to digging and also help the mole to swim very well.
The smaller HINDLEGS are used to propel the mole forwards through tunnels and also to brace against the tunnel walls whilst digging.
The TAIL is covered in sensory hairs to help detect prey and navigate.
If you are having a mole problem on your lawn, visit The Lawn Shop for an EasySet Mole Trap