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Lawn Fertiliser - The Basics

Grass Clippings - Lawn Fertiliser ProductsIt will soon be time to fertilise your lawn to replemish the nutrients that would have easily washed out of the soil after the rain of the past two months.  Your lawn is literally starving now!

Gone are the days when you would have applied a Lawn Sand only in the spring time where the Nitrogen analysis is based upon Sulphate of Iron, thus being 21% mineral Nitrogen. 

A bit like smart phones and tablets, technology in the world of lawn fertiliser has also changed quite a lot from the days your Grandad mixed own fertiliser concoctions.  Let's look into lawn fertiliser products a little further....

There are three primary turf grass nutrients - On a typical lawn fertiliser label, you will see an analysis written like this - 22-5-10. This equates to Nitrogen 22, Phosphorus 5 and K for Potassium 10. Nitrogen expressed as a N on the label analysis, N 22 in our case. It is the nutrient that is responsible for vegetative growth and mostly colour. It is used by the plant in the formation of chlorophyll molecules, which are involved in photosynthesis. Nitrogen is a very mobile element. When it is deficient, the proteins of older leaves are converted and then transported to the younger ones. The older leaves then become greener and then yellow, before the necrosis (dying) of the leaf blade.

Phosphorus expressed as a P on the label analysis, P 5 in our case. It has been described as the workhorse of a plants nutritional process. Phosphorus is an essential macronutrient contained in every living cell within the turf grass plants. It is involved in a number of physiological functions within the plant, including: Energy transformation as a constituent of the genetic material of the cell nucleus. It is responsible for Carbohydrate transformations such as the conversion of starches to sugars and also Establishment, Rooting Maturation and Reproduction of the plant. It occurs in large amounts in young tissues, especially in the regions of cell division. As a plant matures, the Phosphorus is transferred to the reproductive areas and eventually accumulates in the seed. It is vital during the seedling stage of turf grass growth and development; therefore, phosphates should be placed near the seeds during planting to aid rapid establishment. It also stimulates root growth and branching (tillering) and seed setting is enhanced. High phosphorus levels hasten maturity; low levels delay maturity. Phosphorus is insoluble and is often found in the upper layers of the soil, where the roots can absorb it. Phosphorus absorption is greatest at a soil pH of 6-7 and during periods of active growth.

Potassium expressed as a K on the label analysis, K 10 in our case. It is not a fixed constituent of living cells, but is essential in growth and development processes. Potassium functions in: Carbohydrate synthesis and translocation, supporting the chlorophyll tissue – aids photosynthesis in low light intensities. It is responsible for catalysing numerous enzymatic reactions, including nitrogen reduction, regulating transpiration, controlling the up-take rate of certain nutrients and regulation of the respiration rate. Potassium favours the development (thickness) of cell walls, thus making the plant more resistant to heat, cold and frost conditions. It increases the plants ‘wear tolerance’, speeding up the recovery period by speeding up the translocation of necessary materials to meristematic tissues and encourages rooting. High levels of potassium tend to reduce the incidence of the fungal diseases, like Dollar Spot, Fusarium Patch, Dry Patch and Red Thread. Potassium’s role in the plant is that of regulating the plant’s processes. Potassium is known to influence at least 46 different enzymes within the plant. Turf grasses require Potassium in relatively high amounts – second only to Nitrogen. The Potassium content is quite high in young, actively growing turf grass plants, but content decreases rapidly as they reach maturity. It is absorbed and stored in plant tissues in much larger quantities than is required for normal growth and development, when larger amounts are available in the soil. This excessive consumption is called ‘luxury consumption’. Potassium is prone to leaching from the leaf tissues and the Potassium content of soils varies greatly, but is usually greater than Phosphorus or Nitrogen. Although the total content may be high, only a small amount is available for uptake by turf grasses. The use of nitrogen fertilizers containing Sulphate of Ammonia, also increase Potassium loss by leaching. In a typical lawn fertiliser you will see an analysis written like this - 22-5-10. This is represented as N 22, P 5 and K 10. In the early spring months an analysis such as this is perfect.

Modern Lawn Fertiliser Types

The Sulphur Coated Controlled Release Lawn Fertilisers favoured by many a lawn treatment company have a mechanism of controlling the release of nutrients available to the turf grasses over a period of two to three months by a bit of technologically clever engineering. There is no immediate rush of growth but a steady release so you will not get up a sweat trying to keep up with the lawn mowing.

We prefer the more modern ‘Neutralene’ Methylene Urea Fertilisers. These are multi phased and stable slow and controlled release short chain polymer technology where the nutrient is not dependant for release via sulphur based outer coating, like the coating on a chocolate Smartie. The control is easier to manage with far less risk of being chopped open through the actions of mowing the lawn. The release over time is simply a chain drops off and releases nutrient, a chain drops off and releases etc over a 3 – 6 month period.

New to the professional marketplace are the stabilised Nitrogen products referred to as UMAXX or NMAXX Fertilisers. It is not slow or controlled release but a uniquely formulated Nitrogen source with two proprietary enzyme blockers that minimize urea nitrogen loss to the atmosphere and groundwater. More Nitrogen stays in the soil where the turf grass plants need it, in its stable, ammonium form. You apply nitrogen fertiliser to feed your turf and plants, and UMAXX insures they get as much of this essential nutrient as intended. Stabilised Nitrogen does not require microbial breakdown of chemical bonds or a sulphur coating to accomplish this longevity. It simply prevents microbial oxidation of the ammoniacal form of nitrogen for a period of time, depending on the concentration of the nitrification inhibitor Dicyandiamide included in the product.

It all sounds a bit daunting; all I want is to feed my lawn we hear you cry. We all that is green is not grass or lawn so the subjects of growing a lawn and lawn fertiliser are in harmony with each other.

Should you require assistance with calibration of a fertiliser spreader or need equipment to help you spread the fertiliser evenly then we are able to help further. Should you have a large area of grass to fertiliser with either a granular or liquid formulation, please email us.

Related Topics

Lawn Shop
Purchase SCU Lawn Fertiliser – Analysis 22.4.20
Purchase MU Lawn Fertiliser – Analysis 28.3.8
Purchase NMAXX Lawn Fertiliser – Analysis 25.5.12

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